The dollar is lower against nearly all the major and emerging market currencies. The yen is the chief exception, and only barely, as the greenback straddles the JPY104 area.
Last week’s US retail sales and yesterday’s industrial output figures are disappointed. What looked to be such a promising quarter in terms of growth appears to have fizzled, and economists are no longer confident that the three-quarter streak of sub-2% GDP prints will be snapped.
It is tempting to attribute this disappointment to the dollar’s pullback, but such logic needs a middle term, and that is changed expectations of Fed policy. That is the missing link, so far. Net-net, and with little volatility, the December Fed funds futures contract is unchanged since October 4, and implies a slightly higher chance of a hike than at the end of September. Still, US yields have softened somewhat. The two-year note yield is seven basis points off last week’s high. The 10-year yield is five basis points below yesterday’s four-month high.
Sterling was posting corrective upticks before news that prices rose more than expected in September. Sterling made a marginal new high near $1.2275, but progress quickly stalled. Comments from the UK government attorney (Eadie) that seemed to recognize parliament’s right to ratify the Brexit Treaty was understood by the market as making a hard exit marginally less gave a fresh boost to sterling that made new highs on near midday in London.
Headline CPI rose 0.2% on the month for a 1.0% year-over-year pace. This was slightly more than expected and compares with a 0.6% pace in August. The core rate rose to 1.5% from 1.3%, which is also a little more than expected.
One of the reasons that higher inflation is not good for sterling is that the middle terms are lacking here. Bank of England Governor Carney has made it clear that the higher inflation readings will be accepted and will not trigger a tightening of monetary policy. There are at least two chains of reasoning. First, the currency impact is transitory. Second, higher inflation may offer some cushion to the economic headwinds that are prudent to expect.
The main news from Asia was China’s continued credit expansion. It continues at a stronger pace than economists expected. Aggregate financing rose CNY1.72 trillion (~$255 bln), up from CNY!.47 trillion in August. The median forecast on Bloomberg was for a modest decline. The increase in the aggregate figure took place in the traditional banking sector as opposed to shadow banking. This is evident in the increase of yuan loans to CNY1.22 trillion from CNY949 bln. The Bloomberg survey showed that economists had expected the shadow banks to have taken a greater market share.
Although China has not exhausted monetary policy, it appears to be having a similar experience in terms of its money supply as high income countries. While M1 is expecting rapidly (24.7% year-over-year in September, slowing slightly from 25.3% in August), what is actually getting into the economy is growing much slower (6.6% in September, the slowest pace in three months). The immediate focus of Chinese policymakers is on reining in the housing market. This will also encourage a stand pat monetary policy.
The Australian and New Zealand dollars are leading the move against the US dollar today (up to ~0.7% and 0.8% respectively). Th driving force is not Fed expectations, but a greater sense that the RBA is in no hurry to cut interest rates and that an RBNZ rate cut next month is near a done deal that had been discounted. The Aussie is having another run at its nemesis near $0.7700 that has blocked the upside over for several months. Slightly stronger than expected CPI helped the Kiwi has come up to test the 20-day moving average (~$0.7200) and a retracement objective of the nearly five-cent decline since early-September ($0.7210). A break could spur a move toward $0.7260-$0.7300. Consumer prices rose 0.2% in Q3. The median guesstimate was flat after a 0.4% rise in Q2. The year-over-year rate also stands at 0.2%. It was expected to ease to 0.1%. Kiwi is sitting just below its highs ahead of the dairy auction.
The UK and New Zealand reported higher than expected CPI figures. This gives more evidence of our macroeconomic views: Deflationary pressures, outside of Japan have bottomed. Price pressures will gradually increase. This is an important turn for investors. Attention is turning to the US CPI report. The pace is also expected to increase. At the headline level, a 0.3% increase will lift the year-over-year pace to 1.5%, while the core rate may be steady at 2.3%. Remember, the Fed targets the core PCE deflator, which lags behind the CPI.
The European trade ministers meet to see if there is a compromise to be found to ensure that free-trade agreement with Canada remains on track. Objections from part of Belgium threaten to gum up the works. A breakthrough does not seem particularly likely at this level, and it may require a solution from the heads of state who hold a summit at the weekend.